Different types of bunion surgery June 21 2016
People who suffer from bunions often try simple treatments to eliminate pain, for example wearing wider shoes, putting pads into their shoes or trying steroid injections. But often these methods are not successful. They can help you for a short period of time, but they don’t give ongoing results. If the bunion gets too advanced (see Bunion Severity) a doctor may recommend bunion surgery. There are various types of surgeries to remove bunions. The primary aim of this surgery is to end the pain and correct the deformity.
There are some risks connected with surgery and around 15 per cent of people experience difficulties after the operation. All in all the aims of bunion surgery are the following:
- Eliminate the pain
- Correct the deformity
The type of surgery used will depend on the condition of your foot.
Bunions differ in shape and also in size and that’s why there are various surgical procedures to correct bunions. In the majority of cases, surgery includes correction of the bone alignment and repairing tissues around the big toe.
There are 44 different types of bunion surgery, but these are the main ones.
This is a surgical procedure that is commonly used to treat small bunions and deformations of the big toe. During this bunion surgery, the doctor will remove the excess bone and then will realign bones and tissues returning the natural shape of the toe. Recovery from the operation usually takes from two to four weeks.
During this variant of surgery, your doctor makes small injections in the bones. In the aftermath of cutting the bone, the doctor will fix this break with plates or screws. The bones become straighter and the joint gets to balance. Osteotomies can be done in various places along the bone to correct the deformation. Such operations are usually performed combined with soft tissue interventions, as these are needed to maintain the toe alignment.
The procedure includes the cutting off the damaged joint surface, and the bone fixed with internal devices. This operation is commonly made on patients with dorsal bunions, arthritis or if alternative types of surgery don’t have an affect
The joint space is increased because the damaged part of the joint is removed. Mainly older patients do such types of operations, who have arthritis or unsuccessful previous operations.
This operation is made if the location of the bunion is on the joint, and the bunion is dorsal. The doctor removes the bump and the toe is extended without hitting the bump, thereafter motion is not limited and pain is eliminated. Such procedures are made not often because they don’t fix the positional cause.
Repairing the Tendons and Ligaments Around the Big Toe
Sometimes the tissues which are placed around the big toe can be situated too tight along one side and really loose on the other. This causes an imbalance of the placement of the big toe.
The operation may shorten loose tissues and make the tight tissues lengthier. This is seldom done without osteotomy. In most cases tissue correction is one step of the whole correction of the bunion.
After the operation, the patient will begin recovery. The time of this process will be up to the type of procedure and other patient factors. Doctors recommend keeping away from work for up to six weeks after the operation.
After the operation patients underline such outcomes as the easing of foot pain and the improvement of the position of the big toe.
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